Sudan, mehr Pyramiden als in Ägypten

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19 Jun 2020 22:40 #1 von Ariadne
Sudan, mehr Pyramiden als in Ägypten wurde erstellt von Ariadne
Egypt isn’t the country with the most pyramids – Sudan has approximately 255 of them
By Paul Pinkerton

The area of the Nile valley known as Nubia, which lies within present-day Sudan, was home to three Kushite kingdoms during antiquity. The first had its capital at Kerma (2600–1520 BC). The second was centered on Napata (1000–300 BC). The last kingdom was based around Meroë (300 BC–AD 300).

Kerma was Nubia’s first centralized state with its own indigenous forms of architecture and burial customs.

The last two kingdoms, Napata and Meroë, were heavily influenced by Egypt culturally, economically, politically, and militarily. The Kushite kingdoms, in turn, competed strongly with Egypt in economic and military terms.

In 751 BC, the Kushite king Piankhi overthrew the 24th Dynasty and united the entire Nile valley from the delta to the city of Napata under his rule.

Piankhi and his descendants ruled as the pharaohs of the Twenty-fifth Dynasty. The Napatan domination of Egypt ended with the Assyrian conquest of Egypt in 656 BC.

Around 255 pyramids were eventually constructed at three sites in Nubia over a period of a few hundred years. They served as tombs for the kings and queens of Napata and Meroë.

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