OREA, E-Vorträge

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08 Apr 2020 19:20 - 18 Apr 2020 00:04 #1 von Ariadne
OREA, E-Vorträge wurde erstellt von Ariadne
Einladung zum E-Vortrag

Christoph Schwall (OREA)
Kalba – Ein frühbronzezeitlicher Handelsstützpunkt am Golf von Oman?
Ergebnisse der Feldforschungen 2020


15. April 2020
BEGINN: 17.30 UHR
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Letzte Änderung: 18 Apr 2020 00:04 von Ariadne.

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18 Apr 2020 00:09 #2 von Ariadne
Ariadne antwortete auf OREA, E-Vorträge
Einladung zum E-Vortrag 23.4.2020, 17h30
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Making stones talk: The innovative Multi Layered Chert Sourcing Approach
Michael Brandl (OREA)

Chipped stone tools are amongst the most ubiquitous finds at prehistoric archaeological sites.

Therefore, they are best suitable for understanding economic behavior in the past, which involves the procurement, use and distribution of lithic raw materials such as chert and flint (silicites). The results of such studies have far reaching implications, with the potential to reveal circulation networks, intercultural exchange and routes of migration. Successfully reconstructing these processes however crucially depends on the ability to trace these materials back to their original sources.

Despite the obvious importance of chert and flint provenance studies in archaeology, attempts to generate characteristic “fingerprints” of particular silicite raw materials were in most cases unsatisfying. This is mainly due to the oftentimes high similarities of such materials related to similar geological formations, and relying on a limited number of analytical techniques. To remedy this situation, an innovative multi-scalar analytical technique was implemented and successfully applied in various international case studies: The Multi Layered Chert Sourcing Approach (MLA) combines visual grouping, stereo-microscopic analyses and geochemical trace element analyses using LA-ICP-MS (Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry).

Here we demonstrate how the MLA achieves a clear assignment of lithic artefacts to identified geological sources, and the future potential of this method for studying resource management of prehistoric societies.

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Prof. Dr. Barbara Horejs (Direktorin)

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25 Apr 2020 18:35 #3 von Ariadne
Ariadne antwortete auf OREA, E-Vorträge
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29 Apr 2020 13:14 #4 von Jupiterl
Jupiterl antwortete auf OREA, E-Vorträge
Einladung zum E-Vortrag 6. Mai 2020, 17h30


Dental Abrasion in Children by Marlon Bas - OREA e-lecture May 2020 - YouTube
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Dental Abrasion in Children Dental wear analysis for childhood paleodietary reconstruction Marlon Bas, MSc (ÖAW/OREA)
www.orea.oeaw.ac.at/en/the-inst ...

Dental Abrasion in Children:
Dental wear analysis for childhood paleodietary reconstruction

Marlon Bas (OREA)


Teeth are composed of the hardest tissue in the human body; it is therefore not surprising that they are well preserved in the archaeological record. For over a century, dental anthropologists have endeavored to extract as much information as possible from these tiny biological time capsules. One area of interest is the analysis of tooth wear for age determination and paleodietary reconstruction. Dental wear analysis can be both microscopic (microwear) or macroscopic (macrowear or gross dental wear). It has long been established that the rate and pattern of macrowear and the microscopic texture of the enamel surface are influenced by diet, food preparation, and the environment.
Like most mammals, humans generally begin life on a diet of milk. As their dental system develops, solid foods are introduced gradually into the diet until the child is weaned. The timing of this process is dependent on the availability of suitable soft foods with implications for fertility and childhood mortality. Further variability in diet can occur as a result of social status and a gender-b(i)ased treatment of children. Dental wear analysis is a promising approach for investigating these aspects of diet during childhood as it directly relates to the physical properties of foods.
Here we discuss how modern methods dental wear analysis, such as DMTA SSFA can best be used to investigate dietary transitions during childhood in the past.



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Prof. Dr. Barbara Horejs
(Direktorin)

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26 Mai 2020 22:11 #5 von Ariadne
Ariadne antwortete auf OREA, E-Vorträge
Einladung zum E-Vortrag 27.5.2020, 17h30
Investigating contact spaces in the Middle Nile (Sudan)
The Munich University Attab to Ferka Survey
Project 2018–2020
Julias Budka (LMU München)

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Es bedanken sich: Carolus

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29 Mai 2020 18:52 #6 von Jupiterl
Jupiterl antwortete auf OREA, E-Vorträge
Einladung zum E-Vortrag 3.6.2020, 17h30


Saqqara by Natasha D. Ayers - OREA e-lecture June 2020 - YouTube
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New Kingdom Intrusive Burials at Saqqara Cultural Complexity in Material and Practice Natasha D. Ayers (OREA) While excavating the large Early Dynastic masta...


New Kingdom Intrusive Burials at Saqqara
Complexity in Material and Practice

Natasha D. Ayers (OREA)



While excavating the large Early Dynastic mastaba tombs at Saqqara, Egypt in the 1950’s and 1960’s, Walter B. Emery uncovered a number of intrusive New Kingdom burials with a complex combination of material culture and burial practices traditionally interpreted as signifiers of distinct cultural groups. Modes of burial documented by excavation records and photographs show some persons buried in coffins and others, more surprisingly, on so-called “Nubian style” wooden beds.
So far, only one of the Saqqara burials has received much attention from scholars, due to that assemblage containing a rare faience rhyton of Minoan shape, a Cypriot Base Ring I jug, Egyptian pottery, and Nubian or “Nubian style” pottery. The scholarly disagreement over the date of this burial, as well as the overly simplistic cultural historical description of many of these burials as Nubian soldiers by Emery, demonstrates a fresh appraisal of the Saqqara intrusive burials with a material culture theory perspective is overdue.
A larger aim of this project is to elucidate the socio-cultural sphere and possible processes that resulted in the complexity in material expression and practice documented at Saqqara, without imposing a rigid paradigm or label to this community and their active burial choices. This lecture will present preliminary observations on several specific burials, in addition to the character of the intrusive burials as a group, based on original excavation documentation used in combination with recent study (2019-2020) of the objects now held in U.K. museums.


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Prof. Dr. Barbara Horejs

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Es bedanken sich: Karl

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09 Jun 2020 23:33 #7 von Ariadne
Ariadne antwortete auf OREA, E-Vorträge
Weiterer E-Vortrag am 10. 6. 2020:

THE NORTHEASTERN SETTLEMENT AT THE ADA TEPE GOLDMINE
LAURA BURKHARDT (OREA)

The spectacular discovery of the so far only known gold mine in European prehistory at Ada Tepe in the Eastern Rhodopes led to long-term rescue excavations by Assoc. Prof. H. Popov and his team from the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (NIAM-BAS). Besides mines, waste heaps, mining areas and workplaces, two settlements were discovered dating to the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age. In order to investigate this extensive set of data in an interdisciplinary way, an international cooperation between the Bulgarian and Austrian Academy of Sciences was established within the framework of the project „Bronze Age Gold Road of the Balkans - Ada Tepe mining“ (led by Prof. B. Horejs, Austrian Academy of Science, Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology, founded by the FWF, project no. P28451). The presentation summarizes the doctoral thesis by Laura Burkhardt, which was embedded in the project and whose main aim was to record and analyse the findings from the settlement on the north-eastern terrace dating to the Late Bronze Age. Beginning on a small regional level, the results of the spatial and functional analysis of the Northeastern Settlement are outlined, where activity zones and functional clusters within the settlement provide insights into strategies and practices of the everyday life of the miners. Combined with detailed contextual analyses of architecture, stratigraphy and find ensembles this provides conclusions about the organisation of the gold-mining society on the Ada Tepe and the socio-cultural context. Subsequently, these results will be integrated into a wider regional and cultural-historical context in order to identify the role of gold miners, as specialists in their field, on a local as well as on a supra-regional level. Comparing material culture, pottery and everyday practices with surrounding regions, conclusions can be drawn about the socio-economic implications of the Ada Tepe gold mine in the Late Bronze Age setting of the Southeast Balkans.

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09 Jun 2020 23:40 #8 von Ariadne
Ariadne antwortete auf OREA, E-Vorträge
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10 Jun 2020 20:52 #9 von Ariadne
Ariadne antwortete auf OREA, E-Vorträge
Einladung zum E-Vortrag 17.06.2020, 17:30


DO PELVIC FEATURES RELATE TO CHILDBIRTH?
EVIDENCE FROM A GEOMETRIC MORPHOMETRIC STUDY OF PELVIC SHAPE

Lukas Waltenberger (OREA)

Pelvic features, or parturition scars, have been extensively studied in the last decades and are frequently investigated in archaeological and forensic contexts. It is still unclear, however, whether they really relate to pregnancy and birth, or whether these features are caused by other biomechanical factors. Because the length and difficulty of labor correlates with the form of the birth canal, we studied the association between the expression of pelvic features and pelvic shape using geometric morphometrics.The expression of the preauricular sulcus, margo sacralis groove, preauricular extensions, dorsal and ventral pubic pitting have been scored for 19 individuals from the Bronze Age cemetery of Hainburg, Austria and 54 individuals from a 19th century collection anatomical collection with background information about the deceased. Based on photogrammetric surface models, pelvic shape was captured by 331 landmarks placed on every important anatomical structure. Furthermore, semilandmarks were placed along curves on the pelvis to describe differences of curved structures of the pelvis and the birth canal. The data were evaluated using multivariate statistical methods such as principal component analysis and partial least squares analysis to detect patterns of pelvic shapes related to different expressions of parturition scars.

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Prof. Dr. Barbara Horejs
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